US VP warns Nato it must boost spending

Clockwise from top left: A US and a EU flag side by side, a tank in east Ukraine, an anti-Brexit protest in the UK, German troops travelling for a Nato exerciseTrump’s comments on Nato and Brexit have unsettled allies in the EU

US Vice-President Mike Pence has warned members of the Nato alliance to meet their defence spending targets.

Speaking in Brussels, Mr Pence said that the American people could lose patience with Nato members if they did not share the burden of defence.

However, he also sought to reassure European leaders, saying the US remained committed to co-operation and partnership with the European Union.

Mr Trump’s comments on Brexit and the role of Nato have unsettled allies.

Why are EU leaders worried?

Donald Trump has been vocal in his criticism of international organisations, including Nato, a defence alliance which was initially formed to meet the military threat to Europe from the Soviet Union.

Mr Trump has described Nato as “obsolete”, and criticised members which fail to meet the target of spending 2% of their GDP on defence.

Donald Trump speaking at a rallyMr Trump has spoken out in favour of Brexit

He is also seen as friendlier to Russia than his predecessors, and some of his former aides have come under scrutiny for their alleged links with Russia.

Mr Trump has dismissed the EU as “a vehicle for Germany” and spoken out in favour of Brexit, telling the Times newspaper last month that he thought the UK was “so smart in getting out”, and predicting that “others will leave”.

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker has said the US needs “a strong, united European Union”.

“This is not the moment for Europe to divide itself into former national, provincial categories,” he said.

What has Mr Pence said?

US Vice-President Mike Pence (L) and European Council head Donald Tusk (R) give a press conference at the European Commission in Brussels on February 20, 2017.Donald Tusk (right) said the meeting with Mike Pence was “truly needed”

The vice-president has been in Brussels for talks with Mr Juncker, Nato Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, and Donald Tusk, the president of the European Council.

He has sought to reassure EU leaders that, despite Mr Trump’s criticism, the US remains committed to working with Europe.

He told leaders it was Mr Trump who told him to visit Brussels and convey the US’s “unwavering” support for Nato.

However, he said Nato members had to meet the 2% defence spending target quickly, saying: “America will do our part. But Europe’s defence requires Europe’s commitment as well as ours.”

“The president expects real progress by the end of 2017,” he said, adding that “the patience of the American people will not endure forever”.

US Vice-President Mike Pence (C), his wife Karen Pence (R) and his daughter Charlotte Pence after laying a wreath at the former Nazi death camp of Dachau, Germany (February 19, 2017)The vice-president, accompanied by his wife and daughter, visited the former Nazi death camp of Dachau on Sunday

On Russia, he said the US would continue to hold it accountable over the Ukraine conflict, though he said that President Trump believed that new common ground could be found with Moscow.

During a press conference, he was asked if he opposed further disintegration of the EU.

Mr Pence did not answer this directly, but said the US shared a “deep heritage” with EU members and were committed to “ongoing co-operation and maintaining that partnership in the years ahead”.

Has Mr Pence managed to reassure EU leaders?

Mr Tusk said his meeting with Mr Pence was “truly needed”, after what he described as “too many new and sometimes surprising opinions” that had been voiced in past months “for us to pretend that everything is as it used to be”.

Mr Tusk said Mr Pence had confirmed the US supported “the idea of a united Europe”.

EU officials told reporters they were encouraged by the meeting, with one saying “we got everything we were looking for”.

However, some officials have remarked privately that they will want to hear the same words from Mr Trump before they feel reassured.

Mr Stoltenberg, meanwhile, said he and Mr Pence agreed on the “importance of higher defence spending and fairer burden sharing” in Nato.

“Europeans cannot ask the US to commit to Europe’s defence if they are not willing to commit more themselves.”


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